Thursday, June 22, 2017

Go Fish! (a three-fer)

I finally found a bit of time to create some art for three challenges.  Today I'm joining Art Journal Journey, Moo-Mania and More, and Try it on Tuesday with this piece that came together after I saw how well each challenge fit together.

I call it Go Fish!  It's a play on a card game of the same name.

We'll begin with the bubbles expelled by the fish (yes, you must use your imagination) because these bubbles contain letters and numbers which is the theme this fortnight for Try it on Tuesday.

The fish are the main focus of an underwater theme, Moo-Mania and More's challenge this fortnight.

And finally, the circles are Rosie's theme this month's host at Art Journal Journey.

Materials used include heavy white cardstock painted with watercolor crayons.  To that I added small circles made from a Martha punch and colored, and a large circle punch I colored in a different blue watercolor crayon.  The fish and most of the fish bubbles were stamped, although some had sticker numbers added.

Thanks so much for joining me today, then please join me at Art Journal Journey, Moo-Mania and More, and Try it on Tuesday

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Keepers of the Plains

Some of you saw a Keeper of the Plains I showed during a T Stands For Tuesday post a couple of weeks ago. 

This is the actual Keeper as it is lit by a ring of fire (a nightly event).  It was created by Blackbear Bozen, a Native American, in 1974 and placed at the confluence of the Big Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers.  

It is a large (44 feet/13,41meter) metal (steel) sculpture.

Back in 2014, there was a contest in which artists were juried.  At the time, I thought there were to be 10 Keepers.  I've since learned there are currently 19, but 25 were originally ordered.  According to Together Wichita:
Keepers on Parade is a public art project proudly brought to you by Together Wichita. Ten feet tall fiberglass Keeper of the Plains replicas were painted, adorned and magically transformed by local artists.
This is what they looked like before anything was added.

I also learned they are all around town.

This is the first Keeper I found.  I took this photo from the car as we were leaving the zoo in November, 2016.  Not the best picture, but I had to rush because they had just unloaded it.

This is the second Keeper I found.  I stumbled onto it accidentally.

The rest I found on the web.  As I find them in real life, I will update my blog.  Until then, these are the ones I've found on the web.

This one sits on the campus of Friends University.

These were on display at the Indian Museum

before being placed around town.

This one was a progress report on a zentangle blog.  The woman was creating zentangles on the Keeper, but the blogger didn't give the artist's name or anything about her.

I was unable to download the ones from Together Wichita, so if you want to see them you will have to go here.

Thanks for joining me today as I take a break from the Cosmosphere photos.  They have begun to get a bit overwhelming and they don't seem to create much interest for the incredible amount of time I spend documenting them.

Monday, June 19, 2017

T Stands For Bungalow 26 Purchases

Before we begin today, I want to get definitive answers about celebrating our fourth anniversary, which will be here in mid-July.  I would like to know if you would be interested in sending an ATC (artist trading card) to the next person on the linky list who puts an asterisk after their name.  

For that week only, I will use Inlinkz because you can remove your own links there, and even I cannot remove links in Mr. Linky.  The removal tool doesn't seem to work.

Please let me know in comments if you want to play.  You won't be banned from T, and no one will think less of you if you don't want to make and share an ATC, but I just need to know if there is an interest.

For the past two T Tuesdays I have shown some of the beautiful mugs and other goodies found at Bungalow 26.

This is one of the two teas I purchased. 

The lady who owned the shop and I got to talking about lifts. 

I decided to emulate hers.

Most of the tea she sold was green, but I prefer black.

Doesn't this sound yummy?  I can't wait to try it.

Instead of making tea, I chose my cup to show the other purchases I made.

These are wonderful blends of essential oils you rub on your pulse points.  The one on the left is called Stress Free, while the one on the right is

Egyptian Goddess.  It smelled better in the store, but Stress Free smelled better once I put it on.  I'm glad I bought both, though.

EDIT: a lift is something that elevates and in this case it's what the tea container was sitting on.

Now it's your turn to share your T entry this week.  The rules are extremely simple.  Your drink related post may be anything from a photo of a glass, cup, or mug, to an actual drink.  You may choose to share a sketch or a digital, hybrid, or traditional page in your scrapbook, art journal, or altered book.  Maybe you'd prefer to share a tag, or wow us with your photography.  You might choose a postcard or decorated card.  You might even draw an image on a used tea bag.  Or perhaps you prefer to review a place you visited, a movie, or book.  It makes no difference as long as it's drink related.  And don't forget that the more unique and outside the box it is, the better we like it.  Please tie it back here, and please link only to your T post, not your entire blog.  When you link, Bleubeard, the T gang, and I will be by to visit.   Bleubeard would also like to remind you that your photos may be taken any time, even months or years ago, if you choose.

ICADs from June 12 through 18

Here are this week's ICADs or Index Card a Day.

For Day 12, I chose this image of Cavallini's Phrenology.

On Day 13, I simply had to create something with a heart.  I thought this Mother and Child Reunion sounded right and it brought to mind the song written and sung by Paul Simon.  Simon's strange, dark lyrics have nothing to do with the joy of this mother as she greets her child.

Day 14 was Flag Day in the USA.  Of course, I had to honor the flag, something we seem to have gotten away from doing lately.

For Day 15, I created a bit of humor when I made this piece entitled "Color Theory."  It has nothing to do with real color theory, as it was a tongue in cheek entry.

For Day 16, I found this black and white  giraffe in a magazine and decided to create my own color using paint markers.

On Day 17, I threw some lavender paint on an IC, then sewed various scraps to the page.  As I predicted, the yellow vellum helped turn the lavender brown where the two colors met.

Day 18 honors Father's Day in the U.S. with this manly stamp I colored.

Thanks for visiting today, because this is the only place you will find my ICADs.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Cosmosphere, 2017: Part 7

If you haven't seen the previous segments, here are part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4, part 5, and part 6 at these links.

As we continue our race in space, we read about those in charge who, instead of being the voices of reason, become the voices of arrogance.  Somehow I fear we in the U.S. have not learned from our past, but are doomed to repeat our arrogance.

In early 1957, the U.S. publicly stated they planned to launch a craft into space in time for the International Geophysical Year of 1957-8.  This announcement caused the Soviets to create what they thought was a compromised version of a spacecraft they had planned.

Compromised or not, this was the first satellite in space.  It was known as Sputnik 1, or "traveling companion" in Russian.  A group of German rocket engineers who had built the V-2 rocket program spent about a decade after World War II working for the Soviets on a way to get an artificial satellite into space.  This was the first of three embarrassments for the U.S. during the next five months.

This is a flight ready back-up of Sputnik 1.  The silver sphere with four long antennas was only about the size of a large beach ball, but caused panic in the U.S.  The beeping noise it played from space was heard in worldwide radio broadcasts.

As the U.S. was still reeling from being beaten into space, a month later the Soviet Union, under Nikita Khrushchev, launched Sputnik II, this time with a dog named Laika on board. 

This is a tragic story, which explains the mindset of the Soviets.  Please remember Mildred and Albert, the mice who returned safely from space and try not to cry when you read about Laika. 

Laika was a mixed breed dog taken from the streets of Moscow to become the first animal to orbit in space.  The Soviets had already sent 12 dogs into space in sub-orbital paths in the past.  Sending Laika was practically a given because the Soviets wanted to make an even bigger splash with Sputnik II.

If you read about this poor animal and the atrocities the Soviets put her through, you would feel pity, whether you are a dog lover, or not.  Three dogs were chosen for the experiment: one would be in the satellite, one would be a back-up, and one would be a control dog on the ground.

In order to adapt the dogs to the confines of the tiny cabin, they were kept in progressively smaller cages for periods of up to 20 days. The close confinement caused them to stop urinating or defecating, made them restless, and caused their overall condition to deteriorate.  They were subjected to loud noises similar to those that would occur at take-off, and were shaken in the tiny cabins.

But that is NOT the worst part.  Laika was a sweet, gentile dog, but was given a death sentence.   Prior to the launch, she and the backup dog were surgically implanted with electrodes to monitor their basic functions.  Once in orbit, there were signs she was in distress, but was eating.   The Soviet scientists had originally planned to euthanize Laika with a poisoned serving of food, but once records were revealed years later, it showed she died from the cabin overheating on the fourth orbit.  Over five months later, Sputnik II fell out of orbit and disintegrated on reentry, along with Laika's remains.

Due to the overshadowing political issues of the space race between the U.S. and the Soviets, the ethics of this animal were not called into question.  Sputnik II was not designed to be retrievable, and Laika had always been intended to die.  In the years that followed, however, many groups were upset about Laika's death, calling it unforgivable, and believed the Soviets should have found a way to bring Laika home.  Dr. Chambers would have agreed.

Political signs of the times overshadowed ethics and morals.

This shows the Vanguard Rocket on the launchpad at Cape Canaveral (in Florida) in December, 1957.

This shows how the U.S. tried to respond quickly to the Soviets with the Vanguard.  Unlike the Soviets, who sent their rockets into space in secret, the U.S. openly welcomed everyone to view the event.  Horrified officials watched as the rocket blew up on the launchpad, live in front of a nationwide television audience.

A photo of a flight ready Vanguard.

Because the U.S. tried to launch their first satellite before it was ready, the Vanguard was a total disaster.   The mere word Vanguard was synonymous with failure and embarrassment.  Khrushchev called it a "crushed grapefruit."  Of the 10 later attempts to launch these satellites, only three survived the launch.

Vanguard I was the first satellite to be solar powered.  Although communication with it was lost in 1964, it remains the oldest man made satellite still in orbit.  In March, 2008 it logged its 50th year in Earth orbit and is still orbiting today.

Somehow I missed out on the Explorer 1, in which women calculated trajectories by hand.  This was before Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson, aka Human Computers, were featured in the book and the movie "Hidden Figures."  Even after the Americans got the Explorer 1 satellite into orbit in January, 1958, using rocket technology developed principally by Germans and Werner von Braun who worked on the V-2, the Soviets were clearly in the lead.

Perhaps one of the biggest blunders of the Eisenhower administration was when the president decided to not use a rocket created by the Army, but to create an entirely new rocket for low orbit scientific experiments.

Eisenhower did not want to enter a space race with the Soviets and likely would not have made space flight a top level priority because he considered much of it a waste of resources.

The new rocket would be called Vanguard and would be created by civilian means.  Had the U.S. used the Army's rocket, we would have beaten the Soviets into space.  Instead, it took three years to create the doomed Vanguard, which gave the Soviets time to catch up and forge ahead.

When the Vanguard rocket was being developed, in response to Eisenhower's demands, the administration ordered research director, Wernher von Braun, not to attempt any satellite launches. When the Vanguard rocket failed on the first attempt to launch in December, 1957, the administration then turned to the Army, and von Braun was asked to launch a backup satellite as soon as possible.  He used a variation of his Redstone rocket.

This shows the Jupiter-C's nose cones.  The first successful satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral (now Cape Kennedy) in Florida in January, 1958 by the Jupiter-C, a special modification of the Redstone ballistic missile, that was designed, built, and launched by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) under the direction of von Braun. Jupiter-C was a direct descendant of the German V-2 rocket.

The Space Race moved quickly in those days. Just four months after the Americans sent Explorer 1 into space, the Soviets launched their biggest and most scientifically important satellite yet.

Sputnik 3 left Earth in May, 1958.   The satellite also served as a scientific laboratory.  Its 12 instruments measured the composition of Earth's upper atmosphere, the areas in orbit where charged particles from the sun congregated, and bits of meteors swirling nearby. Its greatest discovery was finding the outer radiation belts of Earth.

It was designed by Sergei Korolev and may have been considered for Sputnik 1, but Korolev decided to be cautious and launch a smaller version first.  It stayed in orbit for two years.

The U.S. had now fallen even further behind in the space race and public outcry was swift and damning.  Eisenhower (shown in the center) proposed the establishment of a National Aeronautics and Space Agency.  He appointed  Dr. T. Keith Glennan (shown on the right) as NASA's first administrator and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden (shown on the left) as deputy administrator.

Eisenhower's proposal was accepted by Congress after he decided to create a single space agency which would conduct scientific space experiments for peaceful purposes only.  Thus, the National Aeronautic and Space Administration was born.  Most of us call it NASA!

The last part of NASA's name was changed from "agency" to "administration," because as an administration, NASA had broader authority to gather resources from other government bodies without relying on voluntary cooperation.

NASA's first job was playing catch-up to the Soviets, whose rockets continued to dominate the sky.  The task would not be easy, since the U.S. rockets either blew up or headed in the wrong direction.  The Soviets were not without failures, but they didn't share them with the world the way the U.S. did.

Ultimately, both countries set their sights on the moon, but neither country was able to reach it in the International Geophysical Year, 1958.

A series of Soviet Luna (moon) rockets were sent to the moon.

Luna 1 missed its intended impact with the Moon due to an incorrectly timed upper stage burn during its launch, and became the first spacecraft to fall into orbit around the sun.  However it was also the first craft to achieve escape velocity and the first artificial comet.

Luna 2 successfully hit the Moon's surface, becoming the first man-made object to reach the Moon.

Luna 3 rounded the Moon and returned the first photographs of its far side, which can never be seen from Earth.

All three events occurred in 1959.

Pioneer 4 was the first satellite to escape earth's gravity.  Its flyby mission sent back valuable radiation data.  An engineering model of the Pioneer 4 is on display.

In January, 1961, John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th president and became a champion for the space program.

He challenged NASA to land a human on the moon by the end of the decade.

This is a really poor shot of the Mercury-Atlas 4, which blew up seconds after lift-off.  The debris was recovered from the ocean floor off the coast of Florida.

This is a marginally better photo of the Mercury-Atlas 4.

Kennedy was such a big fan of the space program, he took every NASA failure personally.

I wish I'd taken a photo of the entire Kennedy quote about space exploration.

Another thing I was looking forward to was the two portions of the Berlin Wall that are exhibited at the Cosmosphere.

For those of you who read German, I hope it's nothing offensive.

I hope you can read this. 

I wish I'd gotten a better photo of this plaque.  Possibly you can read most of the words.  It was the last section removed.

I remember seeing that video a few years ago on tv where Khrushchev pounds on a table and declares "we will bury you!"   When Kennedy came into office, Khrushchev was at the top of his game.  He believed because the Soviets dominated space, the rest of the world would see his communism as superior and wave the red flag.

Here Nikita Khrushchev stands with his fist extended with portions of  the Berlin Wall surrounding him.

My camera skills failed me as I tried to quickly take photos before the museum closed.

The three K's were Kennedy, Khrushchev, and Korolev, who was compared to von Braun in yesterday's post.  These three men are directly responsible for heating up the Cold War.  Had it not been for Korolev's rockets, there might not have been a Soviet space race.  Had it not been for Khrushchev, there might not have been the swagger, bluster, and threats.  And had it not been for Kennedy, we might never have made it successfully into space.

This is the thruster side of Korolev's R-7 Rocket.  In its day, it was the most powerful rocket on earth.

In 1957, Korolev's R-7 was the first and most powerful rocket on earth.  Fueling it on the special large launch pad took days.   It was definitely designed for spaceflight.

Today we made it all the way through the first section after the German room.  We saw the atomic war head, the Sputniks, the Kennedy Theater, the German wall, and one side of the RD-107 engine.  Next we will visit the rocket testing area and the Titan Rocket, which is outside.

This part of the museum is very convoluted, at least in my opinion, and I got turned around a couple of times.  Since time was no longer on our side, I had to rush through the remainder of the exhibits and didn't see much after the Gemini, except the Apollo-Soyez I asked Scott to help me find right after they announced the museum would close in 10 minutes.  It's actually the final exhibit, and thankfully was right next to the museum exit.

Thanks so much for joining me on this journey.  I hope you are learning more about space flight along with me.